Infectious Disease Expert Kellee Dixon is here today
from Mayo Clinic Health System to talk to us about
concerns of the Ebola Virus.
MAYO CLINIC HEALTH SYSTEM
UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS-AUSTIN
What steps are the hospital taking?
How is Ebola spread from person to person?
The good news is that Ebola isn't transmitted through
You aren't going to get Ebola if an infected person
sits next to you or sneezes in the same room.
The disease is transmitted through direct contact
with bodily fluids, such as blood from an infected
The disease is only contagious when an infected person
is showing symptoms.
Health care workers are particularly at risk if they
are not wearing appropriate protective equipment,
such as masks, gowns and gloves.
What are the symptoms of Ebola?
Ebola is a hemorrhagic virus characterized by the
sudden onset of flu-like symptoms including fever,
intense weakness, muscle pain, headache and sore throat.
These are followed by vomiting, diarrhea, rash, impaired
kidney and liver function, and sometimes internal
and external bleeding.
Just how deadly is Ebola?
Somewhere between 50 percent and 90 percent of the
people who develop Ebola will die.
Is there a cure for Ebola?
Right now, there is no cure or vaccine.
Doctors typically provide supportive care to patients,
which may include oxygen, fluids, blood transfusions
and treating subsequent infections.
A few patients infected with the virus have been given
experimental treatments, including doses of a promising
drug called ZMapp.
But supplies of ZMapp were limited and have since
Several patients also appear to have been helped by
blood transfusions from a person who survived Ebola
and developed antibodies to the virus.
At the beginning of September, the National Institutes
of Health began a clinical trial on a potential vaccine
for the virus, but it is not being used on patients.