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On this day: September 9

Published On: Sep 03 2013 12:12:13 PM CDT   Updated On: Sep 09 2013 01:00:00 AM CDT

The United Colonies become the United States, a Japanese airplane firebombs Oregon during World War II, Elvis Presley appears on "The Ed Sullivan Show," and Hurricane Betsy wreaks record-breaking damage along the Gulf Coast, all on this day.

OTD September 9 - Attica prison riot
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New York State Special Commission on Attica

1971: About 1,000 of the approximately 2,200 inmates at the Attica Correctional Facility in Attica, N.Y., riot and seize control of the prison, taking 42 staff hostage. The revolt would come to an end four days later when New York State Police and National Guardsmen storm the prison. At least 39 people were killed in the final assault, including 10 correctional officers and civilian employees. Another officer and four inmates were killed earlier during the riot. The riot was based upon prisoners' demands for political rights and better living conditions.

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