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On this day: October 31

Published On: Oct 30 2012 11:59:09 PM CDT   Updated On: Oct 31 2013 01:00:00 AM CDT

The first All Hallows' Evening is celebrated, Nevada becomes a state, Harry Houdini dies, Mount Rushmore is completed, and the Vatican apologizes to Galileo, all on this day.

OTD October 31 - Mount Rushmore
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Russell Weller/SXC

1941: After 14 years of work, Mount Rushmore is completed. Sculptor Gutzon Borglum began work on the monument on Oct. 4, 1927, leading 400 workers in sculpting the colossal 60-feet-tall carvings of U.S. Presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln. When Borglum died from an embolism in March 1941, his son, Lincoln Borglum, took over the project through its completion.

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