A notorious pirate is captured and killed, RCA Victor buys Elvis' contract from Sun Records, the nation mourns a president, The Beatles release "The White Album," and "Toy Story" premieres, all on this day.
1942: During the World War II Battle of Stalingrad between German and Soviet forces, Gen. Friedrich Paulus sends Adolf Hitler a telegram saying that the German 6th Army is surrounded. As the Russian winter set in, the German troops weakened rapidly from cold, starvation and ongoing Soviet attacks. The eventual Soviet victory would be a turning point in the war, with German forces never recovering their earlier strength.
Larry Downing / Reuters
Aero Icarus/Wikimedia Commons
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