Sherman begins his march to the sea, FDR lays the cornerstone of the Jefferson Memorial, and Elvis Presley makes his movie debut, all on this day.
1806: During his expedition to explore and document the southern portion of the Louisiana Purchase, Lt. Zebulon Pike spies a distant mountain peak while near the Colorado foothills of the Rocky Mountains that he calls "Grand Peak." Pike tried to climb the peak, hoping to get a view of the surrounding area to record on maps, but the party was ill equipped to scale the 14,000-foot summit in the snow. The mountain would later be named Pikes Peak in his honor.
Neilson Barnard/Getty Images for TIME Inc.
Frederick M. Brown/Getty Images
National Archives and Records Administration
Ethan Miller/Getty Images for BT PR; Justin Sullivan/Getty Images
Rankin Bass via Wikimedia Commons
Neilson Barnard/Getty Images for The Huffington Post
iStock / pkazmercyk
Christopher Polk/Getty Images
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