The Scottsboro Boys are arrested, John and Yoko take to bed, a New York City nightclub fire kills 87, and mad cow disease halts British beef exports, all on this day.
1911: In New York City, 146 garment workers, most of them recent Jewish and Italian immigrant women, are killed in fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist Company. The owners of the company would later be indicted on manslaughter charges because some of the employees had been behind locked doors in the factory, causing them to jump from the eighth, ninth, and 10th floors to the streets below. The owners were eventually acquitted, but lost a civil suit in 1913 and were ordered to pay $75 per deceased victim. The fire led to legislation requiring improved factory safety standards and helped spur the growth of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, which fought for better working conditions for sweatshop workers.
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National Archives and Records Administration
Department of Defense
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