Alcatraz prison closes, Martin Luther King Jr. marches toward Montgomery, the U.S. decides to boycott Moscow's Olympics, and Spielberg nabs his first Oscar, all on this day.
1919: The Hungarian Soviet Republic is established, becoming the first Communist government to be formed in Europe after the October Revolution in Russia brought the Bolsheviks to power. The independent communist state was short lived, however, lasting only until Aug. 1, 1919, when the Hungarian Red Army was defeated by Romanian forces and the country's leaders, including revolutionary leader Béla Kun (seen here), fled the country.
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