The Tuskegee Airmen are activated, Elvis buys Graceland, Bob Dylan releases his debut album, Texas Western makes college basketball history, and the invasion of Iraq begins, all on this day.
1891: Earl Warren, who was appointed U.S. Supreme Court chief justice by Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1953 and served until 1969, is born in Los Angeles, California. He is known for the sweeping decisions of the Warren Court, which ended school segregation and transformed many areas of American law, especially regarding the rights of the accused and ending public-school-sponsored prayer. Warren was also the vice-presidential nominee of the Republican Party in 1948, and chaired the Warren Commission, which was formed to investigate the 1963 assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Prior to his appointment as chief justice, he served as California governor from 1943 to 1953 and the state's attorney general from 1939 to 1943.
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