On this day: March 19

Published On: Mar 14 2013 01:49:34 PM CDT   Updated On: Mar 19 2014 01:00:00 AM CDT

The Tuskegee Airmen are activated, Elvis buys Graceland, Bob Dylan releases his debut album, Texas Western makes college basketball history, and the invasion of Iraq begins, all on this day.

OTD March 19 - Nero Decree
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German Federal Archive/Wikimedia Commons

1945: With World War II falling apart for Nazi Germany, Adolf Hitler issues his "Nero Decree" ordering all industries, military installations, shops, transportation facilities and communications facilities in Germany to be destroyed to prevent their use by Allied forces as they penetrated deep within Germany. The decree was ultimately in vain as Minister of Armaments and War Production Albert Speer was appalled by the order and deliberately failed to carry it out. Hitler committed suicide on April 30, 1945, 42 days after issuing the order.

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