On this day: June 21

Published On: Jun 20 2013 02:10:40 AM CDT   Updated On: Jun 21 2016 01:00:00 AM CDT

The first Ferris Wheel opens in Chicago, Lou Gehrig retires, Johnny Cash releases his first single, the WNBA begins play, and a TV icon and a blues legend both die, all on this day.

OTD June 21 - Jean-Paul Sartre
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1905: French philosopher and writer Jean-Paul Sartre, one of the key figures in the philosophy of existentialism, is born in Paris, France. He was awarded the 1964 Nobel Prize in Literature but refused the honor, saying that he always declined official honors and that "a writer should not allow himself to be turned into an institution." Sartre, who was the first Nobel Laureate to voluntarily decline the prize, died of edema of the lung at the age of 74 in Paris, France, on April 15, 1980.

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