The United States declares its independence, an "Iron Horse" retires, the Beach Boys hit No. 1 for the first time, and we lose three presidents, all on this day.
1845: Writer Henry David Thoreau begins his two-year experiment in simple living at Walden Pond near Concord, Massachusetts. The experiment would result in the book "Walden," published in 1854.
Warner Bros. Pictures
Andrea De Stefani/SXC
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