The United States declares its independence, an "Iron Horse" retires, the Beach Boys hit No. 1 for the first time, and we lose three presidents, all on this day.
1883: Cartoonist and inventor Rube Goldberg is born in San Francisco, California. Goldberg was best known for a series of popular cartoons depicting complex gadgets that perform simple tasks in indirect, convoluted ways. The machines would become known as "Rube Goldberg machines."
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