The Medal of Honor is authorized, a favorite toy is born, Walter Mondale makes a historic choice, and "E.T." breaks box office records, all on this day.
1895: Lyricist and playwright Oscar Hammerstein II is born in New York City. Hammerstein won eight Tony Awards and two Academy Awards in his career and is best known for his collaborations with composer Richard Rodgers, including "Oklahoma!," "The King and I," "South Pacific" and "The Sound of Music." He died of stomach cancer at the age of 65 on Aug. 23, 1960.
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