The Medal of Honor is authorized, a favorite toy is born, Walter Mondale makes a historic choice, and "E.T." breaks box office records, all on this day.
1910: Charles Rolls, the English engineer and aviator who joined with industrialist Henry Royce to found Rolls-Royce Ltd. in 1906, dies in an air crash when the tail of his Wright Flyer breaks off during a flying display in Bournemouth, England. At the onset of World War I, the company turned from automobiles to the production of much-needed reliable engines for aviation. After the war, Rolls-Royce continued both as a manufacturer of luxury automobiles and airplane engines.
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Library of Congress
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