Billboard publishes its first music chart, Sputnik falls to Earth, The Beatles record together for the last time, and Nancy Pelosi becomes the first female speaker of the House, all on this day.
1936: Billboard magazine publishes its first "Hit Parade," which ranks songs based on sales and airplay. The first No. 1 song on the chart was "Stop! Look! Listen!" by Joe Venuti & his Orchestra.
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