Billboard publishes its first music chart, Sputnik falls to Earth, The Beatles record together for the last time, and Nancy Pelosi becomes the first female speaker of the House, all on this day.
1959: The Russian probe Luna 1 becomes the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the moon, passing within 3,725 miles of the lunar surface.
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Frederick M. Brown/Getty Images for MTV
Christopher Polk/Getty Images for MTV
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