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On this day: January 23

Published On: Jan 22 2013 04:26:32 PM CST   Updated On: Jan 23 2014 01:00:00 AM CST

The deadliest earthquake in recorded history hits China, Duke Ellington plays Carnegie Hall, North Korea captures a U.S. Navy ship, and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducts its first class, all on this day.

OTD January 23 - 24th Amendment
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1964: The 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution, prohibiting the use of poll taxes in national elections, is ratified. Poll taxes appeared in southern states after Reconstruction as a measure to prevent black voters from voting. At the time of the amendment's passage, five states still retained a poll tax: Virginia, Alabama, Texas, Arkansas and Mississippi. While the amendment made the tax illegal in federal elections, it wasn't until 1966 that the U.S. Supreme Court would rule that poll taxes for state elections were also unconstitutional because they violated the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment.

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