The Boy Scouts of America is founded, the gas chamber is first used in the United States, the first NFL Draft is held, "Good Times" premieres, and women's ice hockey debuts as an Olympic sport, all on this day.
1837: Richard Mentor Johnson becomes the first United States vice president chosen by the U.S. Senate under the provisions of the 12th Amendment. Johnson had been the Democratic nominee for vice president on a ticket with Martin Van Buren, but while Van Buren secured enough electoral votes to win, Johnson fell short. Virginia's delegation to the Electoral College went against the state's popular vote and refused to endorse Johnson, but he was elected to the office by the Democrat-dominated Senate, which is empowered by the 12th Amendment to choose the vice president from the top two vote-getters if no candidate receives a majority of electoral votes.
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U.S. Marine Corps
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