Laurel and Hardy team up, a human heart is transplanted for the first time, an assassin targets Bob Marley, and the first text message is sent via phone, all on this day.
1971: Pakistan launches a pre-emptive strike against 11 air bases in India, setting off a full-scale war that would last 13 days and leave more than 12,000 dead. The war also led to the creation of Bangladesh, then known as East Pakistan, as an independent nation.
Library of Congress
Al Hayat Media/CNN
Julie Denesha/Getty Images
Boy Scouts of America
Pete Souza/The White House
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