Charles Darwin embarks on the HMS Beagle, "Howdy Doody" makes its TV debut, Apollo 8 splashes down after orbiting the Moon, and the Soviet Union occupies Afghanistan, all on this day.
1975: The Four Seasons' song "December, 1963 (Oh, What A Night)" is released. It would hit No. 1 on the UK Singles Chart on Feb. 21, 1976, and repeat that feat on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 on March 13, 1976, remaining in the top spot for three weeks.
National Archives and Records Administration
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