On this day: August 19

Published On: Aug 15 2013 01:30:41 PM CDT   Updated On: Aug 19 2016 01:00:00 AM CDT

The Indianapolis Motor Speedway hosts its first auto race, The Beatles kick off their first American concert tour, Groucho Marx dies, Mike Tyson returns to the ring, and the last U.S. combat brigade leaves Iraq, all on this day.

OTD August 19 - Korabl-Sputnik 2
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Russian Space Agency

1960: The Soviet Union launches the Korabl-Sputnik 2 satellite with the dogs Belka and Strelka, 40 mice, two rats and a variety of plants. After a day in orbit, the spaceship returned to Earth, making the animals the first living organisms to return from space.

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