On this day: March 1

Published On: Feb 27 2013 02:32:47 PM CST   Updated On: Mar 01 2013 01:00:00 AM CST

Salem is gripped by witch hysteria, Yellowstone becomes the world's first national park, the Lindbergh baby is kidnapped, and the Watergate Seven are indicted, all on this day.

OTD March 1 - Lolita Lebron
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Library of Congress

1954: Four Puerto Rican nationalists open fire from a visitors gallery in the House of Representatives chamber in the United State Capitol, injuring five representatives. The shooters, Lolita Lebrón, Rafael Cancel Miranda, Andres Figueroa Cordero and Irving Flores Rodríguez, wanted to highlight Puerto Rico's struggle for independence from U.S. rule. They were arrested, tried and convicted in federal court, and given long sentences, effectively life imprisonment. In 1978 and 1979, they were pardoned by President Jimmy Carter and all four returned to Puerto Rico. This photo shows Lebrón being escorted by police after the attack.

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